Refugees and Protected Persons

Canada is a global leader in human rights advocacy. The government is committed to providing help to refugees and protected persons in Canada. Every year, the Canadian government allocated a quota for refugees that may get permanent residence in Canada.



Pursuant to section 115 of the Immigration and Refugee Protection Act (IRPA), a Convention refugee is a person who, by reason of a well-founded fear of persecution for ethnic, racial, religious, national, or social reasons, and who:

(a) is outside each of their countries of nationality and habitual residence;

(b) has not been able to obtain protection from each of those countries; and,

(c) is unwilling or, because of that fear, is unable to avail themself of the protection of each of those countries.

Currently, IRCC runs three refugees programs:

  • Private Sponsorship of Refugees Program
  • Blended Visa Office-Referred Program
  • Government-Assisted Refugees Program

Private Sponsorship of Refugees Program

Private sponsorship is a program for a group of individuals or communities who support financially and emotionally refugee resettlement in Canada. Privately-sponsored refugees must be supported for one year by the sponsors. The process to request this program may take up to 24 months.

Blended Visa Office-Referred Program

A Blended Visa Office-Referred Program is a government program that uses the UNHCR’s matchmaking services. Under this program, refugees are matched with private sponsors. The sponsorship agreement holder should provide initial settlement support to the refugees for up to 12 months starting from their arrival in Canada.

Government-Assisted Refugees Program

This is a government program that provides assistance to refugees who are selected by the UNHCR and can’t afford to pay for their transportation costs. Under this program, a refugee is identified by the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) based on conditions in his/her country of origin. The government will provide a loan for a refugee’s transportation cost and he also needs to repay it.

Protected persons in Canada 

A person in need of protection is someone in Canada who would be personally persecuted if they were to be sent to their nation or countries of origin or if they do not have a country of origin, their former habitual residence. If Canada has strong grounds to believe the person may face danger or torture, or risk to their life or to be at risk of cruel and unusual treatment or punishment, such person may get a status of protected person in Canada.

Pre Removal Risk Assessment

This assessment is a way to protect those who may face torture, risk his/her life or risk cruel and unusual treatment if removed from Canada. This assessment may be requested by a person whom the Minister plans to remove from Canada, an Immigration Officer or Citizenship and Immigration has reason to believe that you will need protection in Canada. The Pre Removal Risk Assessment is done by the Immigration Refugee Board.

If their application is refused, they have 15 days to ask for a Pre-Removal Risk Assessment. Before being removed from Canada, the Minister must be satisfied that there are no substantial grounds for believing that you will face personal risk.

Shaun Immigration can help Refugees

Shaun Immigration can help Refugees and Protected Persons to get asylum in Canada. Contact us for more information.